Brotherhood of Nations and 'The Dot'

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[caption id="attachment_32566" align="aligncenter" width="510"] The late Foreign Affairs Secretary Carlos P. Romulo, who also served as the president of the UN General Assembly's fourth session (1949-1950) and UN Security Council's chairman, fought for that "dot" in the UN logo that was the Philippines.[/caption] Filipinos have celebrated United Nations (UN) Day since the assembly of nations was founded in 1945. The Philippines, as one of its original member states, marks the occasion with several activities every third week of October. Many of us may have experienced creating colorful flags of different UN member states. Some may even have worn and showcased nationalistic costumes and cultures. Special events such as flag exhibits, a parade of nations, and cultural dances to boost students' awareness and appreciation are also conducted in almost all public and private schools in the country annually. Known as a global organization that promotes human rights, equality, environmental protection, and disease and poverty reduction, the UN now has around 193 members. The term "United Nations" was coined by former United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used during World War II (January 1, 1942) when the leaders of 26 nations vowed to continue fighting together against the Axis powers. Meanwhile, the UN's predecessor, the League of Nations, which was founded during the first World War under the Treaty of Versailles "to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security," lapsed after it failed to prevent World War II. It was only in Oct. 24, 1945 when the United Nations charter was ratified after a series of deliberations, proposals, and meetings by the original 51 member states. The UN emblem, which was only approved more than a year after the UN charter's ratification, shows "a map of the world representing an azimuthal equidistant projection centered on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree, in gold on a field of smoke-blue with all water areas in white. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles." The olive branches symbolize peace while the map represents the UN's areas of concern to attain peace and security. 'The dot'

"There should be no inferiors and no superiors for true world friendship."

"Nations will rise and fall, but equality remains the ideal. The universal aim is to achieve respect for the entire human race, not for the dominant few." - both from Carlos P. Romulo, former president of UN General Assembly

At first, the Philippine map was not included in the UN emblem as it was deemed too small to insert. However, the late Foreign Affairs Secretary Carlos P. Romulo, who also served as the president of the UN General Assembly's fourth session (1949-1950) and UN Security Council's chairman, fought for that "dot." During the making of the UN official seal, Romulo demanded that the country be included in the map as he was not able to see it. "Where's the Philippines?" he asked. US Senator Warren Austin then replied, "If we put in the Philippines it would be no more than a dot." Romulo exclaimed, "I want that dot!" Thus, the tiny dot found between the Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea came to represent our country in the UN emblem. The UN is a venue for nations who commit to maintain peace and collective security, to promote human rights, to develop relations among nations, and to cooperate in solving international problems. Aside from its goal to make concrete actions for peace, the UN has continued to send aid to those who have been devastated by natural disasters such as flood, drought, earthquake, and typhoons. With its 16 specialized agencies, the UN has provided a wide-range of help to its state-members. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), for instance, have enhanced the lives of people through better agricultural productivity and food security. …