The Relationship between the Psychometric Profile and Health-Related Fitness of Chinese Youths in Hong Kong

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Roy Chin Ming Chan, Sai-Chuen Hui, Stepten Heung Sang Wong, Amy Sau Ching Ha, and Youlian Hong, The Chinese University of HongKong

Few studies were conducted concerning the Psychometric Profile of Chinese Youths. The present study attempted to establish the relationships between the psychometric measures and the health-related fitness of secondary school adolescents. A citywide fitness survey of 1,615 Chinese youths from Hong Kong secondary schools--boys: N=837 (52%), Mage = 14.26 years, SD=1.60; girls: N= 778 (48%), Mage = 14.70 years, SD= 1.59--was conducted. The Marsh et al. (1994) Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ) was used to provide psychometric profiles of the participants. Only seven scales (body fat, activity, sports competence, health, appearance, global physical self-concept, and global esteem) were selected among the original 11 scales of the PSDQ. Physical activity levels (PAL) were asked using a 0-10 activity scale modified from the Jackson Activity Coding (Jackson et al., 1990) and Godin-Shephard Activity Questionnaire (Godin & Shephard, 1985). Aerobic fitness estimated from 1-mile run, flexibility scores from sit-and-reach test, push-up scores, cadence curl-up scores and percentage of body fat were also collected. Analysis of the psychometric measures between boys and girls using multivariate analysis of variance indicated that for all seven psychometric items, boys' scores were significantly higher than girls'. This signifies that boys perceived themselves more positively than girls concerning physical self-perception. …