Greek Site Delivers Historical Monument

Article excerpt

Greek site delivers historical monument

A team of researchers scouting the boundary between two ancient Greek cities has unexpectedly uncovered a long-lost inscribed monument previously known only through a first-century A.D. document written by the Greek historian Plutarch.

Though the team discovered the partially destroyed monument last February, the Greek government delayed announcement of the find. The report finally emerged last week at the Archaeological Institute of America meeting in San Francisco.

"This was a rare find of an historically attested inscription," John Camp of the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, Greece, told SCIENCE NEWS.

Camp and four graduate students from the University of Colifornia, Berkeley, found the monument atop a hill near the archaeological site of Chaironeia, Plutarch's hometown. Their discovery clearly establishes the location of a battle between the Roman army occupying Greece and invaders from the Black Sea area in 86 B.C. Classical scholars had proposed several hills around Chaironeia as possible battle sites on the basis of Plutarch's description of the event.

The archaeological team also found about 150 stone blocks near the base of the hill, apparently the remains of a temple dedicated to the sun god Apollo during Plutarch's time, Camp says. …