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Dark Chocolate Intake May Reduce Blood Pressure

JAMA. 2007;298:49-60 [July 4, 2007]

In a German study, adults witli upper-range prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension consumed 6.3 grams of dark chocolate, containing 30 milligrams of polyphenols, per day. At the 18th week of follow-up, the authors found that participants' mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased by 2.9 mm Hg and 1.9 mm Hg, respectively, without changes in body weight or other adverse effects. Hypertension prevalence fell from 86 to 68 percent.

Arthritis Medication Linked to Lower Diabetes Rates

JAMA 2007;298:187-193 [July 1 1 , 2007]

Hydroxychloroquine, used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, may also reduce die likelihood of developing glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia. Researchers at die University of Pittsburgh found die incidence rate of diabetes was 5.2 per 1,000 patient-years of observation for hydroxychloroquine users, compared with 8.9 per 1 ,000 for never-users.

Epilepsy Patients Have Increased Risk of Suicide

Lancet Neurology. 2007 [Published online July 3, 2007]

Patients who have epilepsy and a history of psychiatric disease are 13 times more likely to commit suicide than control individuals, say Danish investigators. Women and recendy diagnosed patients may be at particularly high risk.

Novel Therapy for Stress Incontinence

Lancet. 2007;369:2179-2186 [June 30, 2007)

Injections of autologous myoblasts and fibroblasts may reverse stress urinary incontinence, according to Austrian researchers. After undergoing autologous cell treatment, 38 of the 42 women studied were completely continent. Three years later, no severe side-effects had been reported.

Children with Cerebral Palsy Have Regular Quality of Life

Lancet. 2007;369:2171-2178 [June 30, 2007]

Children aged 8 to 12 years with cerebral palsy have a quality of life that is similar to that of their peers in the general population, according to a British study. In the areas of psychological well-being, self-perception, social support, school environment, perception of financial resources and social acceptance, the children's quality of life was unaffected by their condition. …