Latest Research

Article excerpt

A summary of current clinical articles from that pile on your desk

CARDIOLOGY

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Cardiovascular Disease

Am J Cardiol. 2008;102:1540-1544. [December 1, 2008]

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;52:1949-1956. [December 9, 2008]

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with a higher frequency of cardiovascular disease, according to researchers at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia. They found that there was a higher frequency of cardiovascular disease - including coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease - with decreasing vitamin D levels. In a second study, researchers at the Mid America Heart Institute and University of Missouri in Kansas City noted that low-serum vitamin D has been adversely linked to cardiovascular health, possibly because vitamin D deficiency activates the reninangiotensin-aldosterone system.

* No Link Seen Between Meat and Small Intestinal Cancer

Cancer Res. 2008;68:9274-9279. [November 15, 2008]

Consumption of red and processed meat, per se, is not associated with an increased risk of small intestinal cancer, but high consumption of saturated fat is associated with a dramatically increased risk, according to a study from the National Cancer Institute. The researchers found no significant association between the consumption of red or processed meat and the risk of either adenocarcinomas or carcinoid tumors. However, researchers found a significant association between consumption of saturated fat and the risk of carcinoid tumors.

* Chinese Herb Effective in Plaque Psoriasis

Arch Dermatol. 2008;144:1457-1464. [November 2008]

Taiwanese researchers found that topical application of an ointment containing the herb indigo naturalis is a safe and effective treatment for chronic plaque psoriasis. A significant decrease in the degree of scaling, erythema, and induration was observed after application of indigo naturalis.

* Drug Combination Reduces Risk of Cardiovascular Events

N Engl J Med. 2008;359:2417-2428. [December 4, 2008]

Combination therapy with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor benazepril and the calcium-channel blocker amlodipine is superior to the treatment combination of benazepril and the diuretic hydrochlorothiazide in preventing cardiovascular events, according to researchers at the University of Michigan Health System in Ann Arbor. …