Bibliography of African American Artists and Architects in the South

Article excerpt

The legacy of African American architects and artists is an important, but sometimes neglected, part of American history. Increasingly over the years, though, scholarly attention has attempted to give these individuals the attention they deserve. Justifiably, Alabama architect Wallace A. Rayfield has been the subject of a major monograph while the unnamed artisans and architects who built the nation's Capitol Building have also been studied and honored for their signal achievements. Included in the list of luminaries are Jacob Lawrence, Martin Johnson Heade, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Romare Bearden, and Elizabeth Catlett, the last two friends of Lois Mailou Jones as the earlier interview with Dr. Chris Chapman makes clear. Prominent quilt makers such as Hystercine Rankin and Martha Skelton as well as the quilters of Gee's Bend are becoming better known because of recent scholarship on them. The group known as 26 Highwaymen, self-taught painters, who sold a reported 200,000 landscapes in the 1950s and 1960s along a Florida highway, has also been discussed in several recent publications.

This current bibliography, which continues my coverage published in earlier issues of the Southern Quarterly, focuses on African American artists and architects who were bom in the South before 1 94 1 or worked in the region before 1 96 1 . The following short bibliography specifically concentrates on publications dated 20 1 0-20 1 1 , along with the inclusion of sources not listed in previous bibliographies run in the Southern Quarterly. It includes sections on various types of art and architecture created by African Americans and has been prepared to keep many of these anonymous individuals from neglect.

Abbreviations for frequently used references in this bibliography:

[GEN] General Studies

[ARCH] Architecture and Landscape Architecture

[DEC] Decorative Arts

[FOLK] Folk Art

[DRAW] Drawings, Watercolors, Works on Paper

[PAINT] Painting

[PHOTO] Photography

[POTTERY] Pottery and Ceramics

[PRINT] Printmaking

[SCULP] Sculpture

Cross-References referto section, author, title, and page, if necessary, as in the following example:

Henry Ossawa Tanner

[GEN] Harris, Michael D.

GENERAL

Ackerman, Daniel Kurt. "Black and White All Mix'd Together: The Hidden Legacy of Enslaved Craftsmen." Antiques and Fine Art Magazine (Winter-Spring 2009): 261-65.

Clayton, Virginia Turtle, Elizabeth Stillinger, Erika Doss, and Deborah Chotner. Drawing on America 's Past: Folk Art, Modernism, and the Index of American Design. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Companion publication to an exhibition at the National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

Farrington, Lisa E. Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 201 1 .

Francis, Jacqueline. Making Race: Modernism and "Racial Art" in America. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2012.

Harris, Michael D. Colored Picture: Race and Visual Representation. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

With a foreword by Moyo Okediji. Includes Henry Ossawa Tanner, Archibald John Motley Jr., Kara Walker, Michael Ray Charles, John Biggers, Jeff Donaldson, Betye Saar, Juan Logan, and Camille Billiops.

Henkes, Robert. The Crucifixion in American Art. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2003.

Includes William H. Johnson, Horace Pippin, and Romare Bearden.

Hills, Patricia. "Cultural Legacies and the Transformation of the Cubist Collage Aesthetic in Romare Bearden, Jacob Lawrence and Other African-American Artists." Studies in the History of Art 7 1 (20 1 1 ): 22 1 -47.

Jegedç, Dele. Encyclopedia of African American Artists. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2009.

Karmel, Pepe. "The Negro Artist's Dilemma: Bearden, Picasso and Pop Art. …