Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda

Article excerpt

Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda. Edited by William Horbury. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1999, xiv + 337 pp., $69.95.

This collection of 22 essays mainly consists of papers read at the 1996 meeting of the British Association for Jewish Studies. The essays are organized into six sections: the Second Temple period; rabbinic and early Christian Hebraists; Rome and Byzantium; the Karaites; Christian Hebraists in medieval and early modern Europe; the 19th and 20th centuries.

The collection begins with an introduction by the editor (pp. 1-12). The 22 essays are as follows: Joachim Schaper, "Hebrew and Its Study in the Persian Period," pp. 15-- 26; James K. Aitken, "Hebrew Study in Ben Sira's Beth Midrash," pp. 27-37; Jonathan Campbell, "Hebrew and Its Study at Qumran," pp. 38-52; Jan Willem van Henten, "The Ancestral Language of the Jews in 2 Maccabees," pp. 53-68; Philip S. Alexander, "How Did the Rabbis Learn Hebrew?" pp. 71-89; Robert Hayward, "St Jerome and the Meaning of the High-Priestly Vestments," pp. 90-105; Lawrence Lahey, "Hebrew and Aramaic in the Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila," pp. 106-121; William Horbury, "The Hebrew Matthew and Hebrew Study," pp. 122-131; David Noy, "'Peace upon Israel': Hebrew Formulae and Names in Jewish Inscriptions from the Western Roman Empire," pp. …