Around the Tanks

Article excerpt

Further Afield will now have a new heading, Around the Tanks, and will come from a selection of publications detailed in The Heritage Foundation's The Insider, a monthly compilation of publication abstracts, events and news from around the world's think-tanks. (Back issues of The Insider can be viewed at www.heritage.org/insider)

CUTTING SPENDING AND LIVING TO TELL ABOUT IT

by Keith Miller and Allison Fraser

Backgrounder No. 1738, The Heritage Foundation

heritage.org/Research/Budget/ bg1738.cfm

Conventional wisdom has long held that voters punish politicians who cut government spending. A survey of state executives, however, shows that regardless of party, current governors who have cut state spending to balance their budgets enjoy strong popularity, and their counterparts who chose to raise taxes find support waning.

HIGH-TECH PROTECTIONISM:THE IRRATIONALITY OF ANTIDUMPING LAWS

by Claude E. Barfield

The American Enterprise Institute

aei.org/publications/bookID.651/ book detail.asp

In this book, Barfield describes and analyses the negative and unintended consequences of attempting to protect high-tech industries through the use of antidumping laws, which are 'fundamentally at odds with the free-trade policies that have dramatically increased global welfare over the past half-century.' Barfield also points out that there has been a great proliferation of such actions in the past decade and that US companies are being targeted increasingly by foreign governments. Many WTO members have vowed to block further liberalization in key industries and sectors unless major reforms are negotiated for WTO rules on dumping laws. Many US export opportunities will be jeopardized in the future unless a breakthrough occurs.

POOR PEOPLE'S KNOWLEDGE

Edited by J. Michael Finger and Philip Schuler

The American Enterprise Institute

aei.org/publications/bookID.754/ book detail.asp

How can we help poor people earn more from their knowledge-rather than from their sweat and muscle alone? The book calls attention to the unwritten half of the World Trade Organisation's Agreement on the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS). TRIPS is about knowledge that industrial countries own, and which poor people buy. This book is about knowledge that poor people in poor countries generate and have to sell.

GREAT RAIL DISASTERS: THE IMPACT OF RAILTRANSIT ON URBAN LIVABILITY

By Randal O'Toole

The James Madison Institute

jamesmadison.org/pdf/materials/ 136.pdf

Rail transit has reduced Miami and Ft. Lauderdale's livability along with the livability of every US urban area in which it has been built. This report evaluates the effect of rail transit on transit ridership, traffic congestion, taxpayers, energy consumption, public safety, and other factors affecting urban livability. The report finds that rail transit may be one of the reasons why south Florida congestion has grown so much in the past decade and suggests that high-occupancy/toll lanes and bus-rapid transit are the solutions to the region's traffic problems.

TRADING TYRANNY FOR FREEDOM: HOW OPEN MARKETS TILL THE SOIL FOR DEMOCRACY

by Daniel Griswold

Trade Policy Analysis, The Cato Institute

freetrade.org/pubs/pas/tpa-026es.html

Griswold expresses the continued importance of trade and open markets in a post-September 11th world. He bases his argument on the wide body of political science evidence that demonstrates a connection between trade, free markets, and economic prosperity as crucial to building a civil society. Promoting trade will 'till the soil' for democracy in Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.

THE NEED FOR NATIONS

by Roger Scruton

Civitas: Institute for the Study of Civil Society

civitas.org.uk

Scruton argues that multinational corporations, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations cannot replace the role of the nation-state. …