This Month in History: Law and Order August 1963

Article excerpt

Law and Order will soon celebrate 50 years of helping police management improve various aspects of police operations. To commemorate this January 2002 event, we will be incorporating a number of new additions to the magazine. One is to review a past issue from a different year each month. We will discuss both typical ads and those for the new products of the time; reviewing a police sedan from that year and some major police events; highlight the content of that particular monthly issue.

Law and Order's August 1963 issue focused on uniforms. Included was a state-by-state directory of uniform manufacturers: Battle Uniform, Creighton Shirts, Gerber Uniform, Lavigne Shirts, S. H. Reese badges, Joel & Aronoff patches, Maier-Lavaty Uniform and J. P. Stevens wool worsteds. One article covered a technology break-through: the ability to reshape the wool molecule allowing for a permanent crease in uniform pants.

In 1963, John Keller was chief range officer for the annual and precedent-setting Law and Order Police Combat Matches. His article, "Train for Actual Combat Conditions", drew a distinction between bullseye shooting, popular among police at the time, and combat shooting. He urged that officers should train under more realistic conditions and instituted two changes to the new Police Pistol Combat (PPC) course. First, he incorporated the point-shoulder shooting position into PPC, citing it was used in most actual shootings. Then he added a left-step in the one-hand hip shooting position, based on NYPD Academy research in gunfights. These changes would be adopted by firearms instructors across the country.

Dee Wheeler reported on what the Fort Worth Police learned while implementing an applicant screening process. This included a 197 question written questionnaire, an interview and a polygraph exam. They introduced a two day delay between the questionnaire and the polygraph to provide more accurate results. They conducted a polygraph exam before the field interviews to give investigators a range of topics to research.

Howard Nugent with the Pinkerton National Detective Agency listed tips and ten rules for using surveillance as an investigative tool. …