Wages and Income in the United Kingdom since 1860

Wages and Income in the United Kingdom since 1860

Wages and Income in the United Kingdom since 1860

Wages and Income in the United Kingdom since 1860

Excerpt

This book is an attempt to bring into a coherent whole the investigations that I have made on the subjects of wages and income at various dates during the past forty years. Some of the more essential studies are out of print and others are not very easily accessible. Also as information has accumulated and additional analyses have been made, earlier estimates have been modified, and different classifications have been used for special purposes, so that some confusion might arise for anyone who wished to find my estimates over any long period. The plan often adopted of re-issuing in collected form a group of papers and essays did not appear to be suitable, or indeed practicable in view of the expense. The elaborate statistical tables, on which the results are based, are better left to the serious student who may be working at a special aspect of wage or price movements, and for his use a bibliography is included, by the help of which he can work back to the data and follow the technical processes of analysis; for, as in all fields of statistics, there is a special technique for analysing wages and another for measuring prices. When the originals are in Journals that are to be found in the usual Libraries, it has only been necessary to indicate the methods and to quote the results; but when the originals are out of print or in less obvious publications, more detail has been included in the text. It has not always been easy to re-examine and justify statistics which were handled thirty or more years ago, or to recover the exact classifications employed. Full detail can rarely be given in any reasonable space for statistics of this kind, and something depends on judgment and general knowledge of the material that cannot be completely justified in argument. Occasionally in using the earlier papers the clue has not been recoverable, and I have thought it better not to try to amend the estimate but to . . .

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