A Description of the Atlas of Congressional Roll Calls: An Analysis of Yea-Nay Votes. Description of the Project, Its Work Prodcedures, and Allied Phases

A Description of the Atlas of Congressional Roll Calls: An Analysis of Yea-Nay Votes. Description of the Project, Its Work Prodcedures, and Allied Phases

A Description of the Atlas of Congressional Roll Calls: An Analysis of Yea-Nay Votes. Description of the Project, Its Work Prodcedures, and Allied Phases

A Description of the Atlas of Congressional Roll Calls: An Analysis of Yea-Nay Votes. Description of the Project, Its Work Prodcedures, and Allied Phases

Excerpt

This unit of the Historical Records Survey, which functions under the co-sponsorship of the Department of History of Columbia University, is engaged in the production of a complete series of maps portraying every one of approximately 54,000 Yea-and-Nay roll call votes taken in the Congress of the United States from 1789 to 1932. Yea-and-Nay votes must be taken, under the Constitution, on demand of one-fifth of the members present in either House. They are therefore taken on a large proportion of the controversial measures coming before the Congress.

These maps will show the Congressional Districts in each State as these have been changed from time to time by State action following Federal reapportionment or local considerations, as well as State and Territorial development. For Senate votes each State is divided by a diagonal line, the top space being assigned to the Senator next facing election. The Congressional District maps will provide enlarged regional inset maps or boxes for the votes of Representatives from metropolitan districts too small to register on the scale of our regular maps, and marginal boxes for the votes of Representatives at Large. Each District, or space representing a District, will be marked with the District number. On these maps every roll call vote of the House of Representatives or the Senate of the United States will be recorded, showing how every Senator or Representative voted or failed to vote. There will be one map for each of the approximately 54,000 recorded votes from the First through the Seventy-second Congress.

Under each map will appear an explanation of the vote, including a Summary (or Analysis) of the action taken in the vote, its date, citation of the sources, the vote totals broken down by Yea-and-Nay totals and political party, and the Roll Call, arranged by State and District number for Representatives, by State and expiration of term for Senators, showing the party and vote of each, or the existence of a vacancy. Where the vote as listed in the Record and Journal differs, the Journal listing will be given in the Roll Call, with the Record listing footnoted below the roll.

The maps for each Congress will be published in chronological order, House by House. Each Congress will also have maps showing the party representation in each of the two Houses, population distribution, industrial development at the time of that Congress.

An introduction will elucidate the purposes and problems of the Atlas. A comprehensive subject-index will make these maps conveniently available to all students interested in tracing the vote-history of any type of legislation or in studying particular recorded votes, and a nameindex, with inclusive dates of service, will make available the record vote-history of any particular member of Congress.

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