Crisis Intervention: Theory and Methodology

Crisis Intervention: Theory and Methodology

Crisis Intervention: Theory and Methodology

Crisis Intervention: Theory and Methodology

Synopsis

Clinicians from many disciplines rely on this definitive reference for its consistent, topical format of case studies and paradigms in crisis resolution. This edition includes chapters on violence in society, infertility, substance abuse, and coverage of Acute Stress Disorder, a new DSM-IV category. Expanded coverage is included on hot topics such as the earthquake in Los Angeles, the Oklahoma City bombing, crisis hotlines, and the latest crisis intervention modalities. A new epilogue outlines the author's vision of the future of crisis intervention. Crisis Intervention Paradigms included at the ends of chapters can be filled out by the reader based on the case study. The completed paradigms can be found in the appendix. New appendixes cover relevant legal & ethical terms, DSM-IV criteria for PTSD and ASD, infertility resources, and the completed paradigms. * A comprehensive, current, and readable look at crisis intervention for nursing students, students in related disciplines, as well as professionals and volunteers throughout the field of health care. * Forty-six paradigms demonstrate the methodology and steps in crisis intervention. * Examines the differences between crisis intervention and other psychotherapeutic approaches to stress the similarities and differences. * Concentrates on the problem-solving process, introduces the reader to basic terminology used in this method of treatment, and explains the intervention paradigm, providing an important tool to the reader. * Examines the legal and ethical issues in psychotherapy, such as sexual harassment and malpractice to prepare the reader for these sensitive situations. * Explores the relatively new area of posttraumatic stress disorder, covering its causes, diagnoses, and treatments, to provide a well-rounded picture. * Focuses on situational crises and the stressful events that can cause them, with case studies from the author's files and theoretical material to illustrate the techniques used by therapists in crisis resolution. * Looks at the changes and crises that occur during developmental and social transitions to prepare the reader for these common crises. * Delves into the concerns of persons with AIDS/HIV, and includes the most current understanding of the disease and all its ramifications. * Examines the burn-out syndrome that is prevalent in today's high-stress environments.

Excerpt

The eighth edition of this text acknowledges the fact that crisis intervention is being widely used by those in the helping professions. Individuals from all walks of life and age groups and with diverse problems and varying cultural backgrounds have responded to the skilled use of crisis intervention. It is being used by professionals and nonprofessionals with a wide range of skills.

It was felt that there was still a need for an overview and a guide to crisis intervention, from its historical development to its present utilization. The techniques and skills of a therapist must be learned and practiced under professional supervision. However, it is believed that an awareness of the basic theory and principles of crisis intervention will be valuable to all who are involved in the helping professions. This book should be a particularly meaningful mode of intervention for those who have constant and intimate contact with individuals and families in stressful situations (those who seek help because they are unable to cope alone and situations that may be biological, sociological, or psychological in origin).

Chapter 1 presents the historical development of crisis intervention methodology. Its intent is to create an awareness of the broad base of knowledge incorporated in its present practice. Looking to the future, a discussion of potential crises that may result from society's technological advances is new to this edition.

Chapter 2 deals with the differences between psychotherapeutic techniques of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy and between brief psychotherapy and crisis intervention methodology. It presents the major goals of these methods of treatment, foci, activities of the therapist, indications for treatment, average length of treatment, and the approximate cost to the individual. New to this chapter is the introduction of cognitive therapy and its utilization in crisis intervention with depressed patients.

Chapter 3 introduces the paradigms and illustrates their utilization in case studies. It focuses on the problem-solving process and introduces the reader to basic terminology used in this method of treatment. The paradigm clarifies the sequential steps of crisis development. Two case studies, with paradigms, illustrate its application as a guide to the case studies that are presented in subsequent chapters. New to this chapter is a discussion of the biophysiological components of stress, since individuals in crisis are under stress.

Also new to this edition are blank paradigms for the reader to complete for each case study in the text. The reader can then compare that paradigm with completed paradigms that are presented in Appendix D to evaluate his knowledge of crisis intervention. It is hoped that this interactive method will prove useful in learning and applying knowledge about the crisis intervention process.

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