From a Political Diary: Russia, the Ukraine, and America, 1905-1945

From a Political Diary: Russia, the Ukraine, and America, 1905-1945

From a Political Diary: Russia, the Ukraine, and America, 1905-1945

From a Political Diary: Russia, the Ukraine, and America, 1905-1945

Excerpt

An immense number of books have been written about world events of the past few decades. Historians of this turbulent era will have a vast store of material for the gigantic task of assembly and systematization. In particular, there have appeared in English excellent works on the Russian revolution, on the present-day USSR, and on the foreign policy of the Soviet government. Concerning the foreign policy of the United States, American statesmen and others have written a great many books and articles; moreover, early in 1943 the Department of State issued its own volume called Peace and War with the subtitle United States Foreign Policy. A careful survey of these books and documents proves, however, that they have not exhausted all the available materials that should be made accessible to the public at large and that are indispensable to the objective historian for correct conclusions and evaluations.

The task of filling this gap would seem to be a civic duty of all those who possess firsthand knowledge of important facts or events. Accordingly, I have submitted here, to readers interested in Russia, in Russian- American relations, and in American foreign policy, some facts that were perhaps unknown to, or that have been disregarded by, other writers.

Since this book deals primarily with impressions and views based on personal experience, it is natural that its content is devoted chiefly to events in Russia (from 1900 to 1919) and in America (after 1922), the two countries in which I have spent the greater part of my life. The first part contains my testimony as an eyewitness of and participant in certain phases of the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and the Ukrainian movement for self-determination. It also contains some account of my work as a member of the Ukrainian delegation at the Versailles Peace Conference and at the League of Nations. The second part of the book embraces the period of my residence and activities in the United States. The larger portion is devoted to a report of volunteer services and informal writings to the Department of State (1933- 1943), undertaken as an American citizen and a student of foreign affairs. The manuscript, based largely on my diaries and notebooks, was completed in Laporte, Pennsylvania, in August, 1944, on the eve of the Dumbarton Oaks Conference. The momentous events of the succeed-

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