A Punjabi Village in Pakistan

A Punjabi Village in Pakistan

A Punjabi Village in Pakistan

A Punjabi Village in Pakistan

Excerpt

This is a study of village life in the Punjab. The people studied are Muslims, and the locus of the study is the village of Mohla, in Gujrat district, the neighboring villages which, together with Mohla, form a loosely organized cluster, and a few more distant villages which are linked to Mohla mainly through ties of marriage. Emphasis is placed on one of the institutions important in thet raditional life of the village people -- vartan bhanji, a complex mechanism for the exchange of gifts and services -- which has served as a principal means of integration in this society.

The observations on which this study is based were made during a trip to West Pakistan, where I did field work for over five years -- from the latter part of 1949 until March 1955. My choice of Pakistan as the country in which to do field work was determined by the fact of my being both a woman anthropologist and a Muslim.

In October 1958 there was a change of government in Pakistan. The new government has introduced revolutionary changes in the system of land tenure and ownership, the system of education, the legal system, economic policies, refugee rehabilitation, and administration. Among these the agrarian reforms will have the most significant effect upon the landowning class. The present study is concerned with the village life as it existed prior to these recent reforms.

The partition of united India and the establishment of Pakistan . . .

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