The Federal Government and Financing Higher Education

The Federal Government and Financing Higher Education

The Federal Government and Financing Higher Education

The Federal Government and Financing Higher Education

Excerpt

FEDERAL POLICY toward higher education has become a topic of the utmost concern to both educators and citizens. In the years since the Second World War the Federal Government has utilized the facilities of higher education to a much greater extent than is usually realized. The veterans' educational program--the "G. I. Bill of Rights"--is probably best known, but other federal programs, especially government-sponsored research at colleges and universities, the several reserve officer's training programs, and government fellowship programs in the sciences, are equally deserving of notice.

These federal activities have had a considerable effect upon the programs and finances of the colleges and universities. The high enrollments of the veterans' program created heavy burdens on the facilities of the institutions, and the decline of this program has been the occasion of an equally pressing concern--the loss of the tuition fees paid on the veterans' behalf by the government. In some quarters it is felt that the preponderance of defense- connected federal research at the universities has unduly stressed applied and developmental research in the natural sciences at the expense of basic and fundamental research and of scholarly inquiry in the social sciences and the humanities and that other federal activities threaten to throw the colleges' programs out of balance.

This concern over the effect of federal programs in higher education comes at a time when the colleges and universities face a grave financial crisis, resulting largely from the postwar inflation. The operating costs of higher education have increased tremendously, and the major sources of income--student fees, endowment income, gifts, and state appropriations--have been hard pressed to keep pace with this increase.

The financial plight of the higher institutions in turn coincides . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.