The Uncertain Friendship: The U.S. and Israel from Roosevelt to Kennedy

The Uncertain Friendship: The U.S. and Israel from Roosevelt to Kennedy

The Uncertain Friendship: The U.S. and Israel from Roosevelt to Kennedy

The Uncertain Friendship: The U.S. and Israel from Roosevelt to Kennedy

Synopsis

Although the United States has been a friend to Israel from the beginning and Israel has in return been an important American ally in the region, relations between the two nations have never been without difficulties. This study traces U.S.-Israeli relations from the 1930s to the early 1960s and examines the roles played by both Israelis and Americans in the formation of an independent Israel. Taking into account economic, political, social, and military factors, Druks devotes particular attention to elements of Israel's dependence on and independence from the United States during crucial phases of relations. These include the Holocaust and the failure to rescue European Jewry; Roosevelt and the promise of independence; establishment and recognition; Washington's ongoing relations with the new nation; the 1956 Sinai War; and President John F. Kennedy's enlightened approach and towards Israel and the Middle East.

Excerpt

The years from Franklin D. Roosevelt to John F. Kennedy, 1933 to 1963, represent thirty crucial years in American and world history. For the Jewish people and Israel they were thirty years of a struggle for survival. Seldom in history did a people lose so much and later, despite it all, achieve so much. This is a history of the relations between that people and the United States from 1933 to the present. This book will examine that history from the Franklin D. Roosevelt years in the White House to the first two years of Kennedy’s presidency.

The United States and Israel shared many things in common, not the least of which was a heritage of civilization and a mutual interest and love for the principles of democracy. in the course of the past fifty years, the United States was a friend of Israel and Israel was one of America’s most reliable friends and allies. But that friendship had its limitations, for the United States likewise maintained good relations with various Arab states and peoples. and the United States had always to consider that which was in its best interest from a domestic as well as a global perspective.

Roosevelt voiced his support for Zionism and the Zionist ideal of establishing a Jewish state in the Land of Israel, but he never went out of his way to help the Jews establish that state. He even failed to help the Jews find refuge in Palestine or any where else. Ultimately, his concern was with geopolitical factors rather than humanity. On reading the history of his relations with the founders of the Jewish state and with Arab leaders and British officials, one can see contradictory remarks and statements. While on the one hand Roosevelt would promise support for the establishment of a Jewish state, on the other hand he would inform the monarchs of Syria and Saudi Arabia that nothing would be done without consulting them. He was always considerate of the imperial interests of

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