Apartheid No More: Case Studies of Southern African Universities in the Process of Transformation

Apartheid No More: Case Studies of Southern African Universities in the Process of Transformation

Apartheid No More: Case Studies of Southern African Universities in the Process of Transformation

Apartheid No More: Case Studies of Southern African Universities in the Process of Transformation

Synopsis

The South African higher education system has historically been characterized by racial and gender inequalities inherited from the discriminatory practices of the apartheid era. In response to the demise of apartheid in South Africa, educational institutions are engaged in efforts to redefine their mission to reflect values of the "New South Africa." In order to portray how institutions from divergent historical contexts are addressing the challenge to create new identities Mabokela and King include case studies on South Africa tertiary institutions involved in this transformation.

Excerpt

The apt title of this book begins declaring Apartheid No More and follows with a substantive subtitle that describes its focus on the role of South African universities in the process of educational and social transformation. Education was a central ideological apparatus of the colonial state in Namibia, prior to independence in 1990, and the internal colonial state in South Africa, preceding democratic elections in 1994. It was an instrument of both exclusion and social control. Inferior education was provided to Namibians and South Africans of color to the extent that it legitimized the repressive regimes in those countries and provided the minimal knowledge and skills necessary for an exploitable work force. With the ending of colonialism and apartheid in the two countries, educational policy makers as well as practitioners faced the challenges of reconstituting their education systems to provide more equitable access and funding to the formerly dispossessed, to effect more democratic and accountable governance structures, and to redesign curricula to be more relevant to national change processes— all with the goal of equipping youth as well as adults with the competencies to exercise their citizenship rights and bring about more egalitarian and just societies.

As the various case studies in this informative and insightful volume indicate, higher education for Black South Africans mirrored the inequitable relations of racialist, nondemocratic states. With the revolutionary changes that have occurred in political regimes, higher education in postcolonial and postapartheid South Africa has a particularly important role to play in preparing the high-level human resources and creating the scientific and technological knowledge to

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