Despite Nationalist Conflicts: Theory and Practice of Maintaining World Peace

Despite Nationalist Conflicts: Theory and Practice of Maintaining World Peace

Despite Nationalist Conflicts: Theory and Practice of Maintaining World Peace

Despite Nationalist Conflicts: Theory and Practice of Maintaining World Peace

Synopsis

Williams explores the effectiveness of various types of responses and strategies available to states when faced with demands for territorial revisions. She examines the situations surrounding the 19th-century unification of Germany, the breakup of Yugoslavia and the strife in Bosnia and Kosovo, and the ongoing struggle over the fate of Kashmir.

Excerpt

In this book I seek to understand the link among nationalism, demands for territorial revisions, and international responses that will lead to peace and stability in the international system. the continuing tension between the principles of territorial sovereignty and self-determination remains ever present in the post–Cold War period as ethnic and nationalist groups seek to revise borders to reflect their population composition. Given that most states in the system are multiethnic, these territorial demands provide a challenge for governments and scholars alike. How can the tension between the two principles of territorial sovereignty and self-determination be overcome? I argue that to maintain international peace and stability, the demands of states or groups seeking to revise territory so as to incorporate their kin must be addressed through a strategy that combines firmness to maintain the existing territorial status quo with flexibility that accommodates the self-determination of revisionists. the chapters illustrate the argument in more detail through an examination of both historical and contemporary cases to explore the link between territorial demands and responses. Four cases are investigated: the unification of Germany in the nineteenth century; the breakup of Yugoslavia and Bosnia; Kosovo; and Kashmir. I hope that students of international relations will come away with a better understanding of the relationship of

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