Libraries and Librarianship in India

Libraries and Librarianship in India

Libraries and Librarianship in India

Libraries and Librarianship in India

Synopsis

Chapters cover the history of librarianship, national libraries, academic libraries, public libraries, school libraries, and special libraries, as well as the state of bibliographic control and services, library education, and professional organizations in India.

Excerpt

As a result of development in transportation, communication, and new technology, some universities and other institutions of higher learning worldwide have internationalized their curricula for comparative aspects in different subjects. It is through internationalism that extensive borrowing of ideas, activities, and technology occurs from one country to another. Library science students, faculty, librarians, and persons interested in international and comparative aspects of librarianship have shown a need to study or research libraries and librarianship in India. This book is an attempt to convey to library science students some understanding of how libraries came into existence and the role they play in contemporary Indian society. The authors have used various sources, which were widely scattered and not always conveniently available to students. Suggestions for further research have been provided with examples. This reference book is an informative guide to libraries and librarianship in India, a comprehensive introduction to the field.

India is a republic and comprises twenty-five states and seven union territories. The country is bounded in the northwest by Pakistan; north by China, Tibet, Nepal, and Bhutan; east by Burma; and southeast, south, and southwest by the Indian Ocean. New Delhi is the capital of India. It has a population of 913.07 million (1994) and U.S.$310 gross national product (GNP) per capita (1994). Hindi is the official language. There are eighteen languages including Hindi listed in the eighth schedule of the constitution.

India became independent in 1947. Since 1947 the government has given some recognition to the vital role played by libraries in the national development. As a

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