Democracy in France: The Third and Fourth Republic

Democracy in France: The Third and Fourth Republic

Democracy in France: The Third and Fourth Republic

Democracy in France: The Third and Fourth Republic

Excerpt

This is not a history of the Third Republic in France. In conformity with the series of studies planned by the Royal Institute of International Affairs, it is an inquiry into the working of democratic ideals and institutions in France during the Third Republic. The arrangement is therefore primarily logical and not chronological. But since time-sequence and the order of development are themselves often of significance in such a study, a loose chronological treatment has seemed desirable in certain chapters--particularly in the last three. Also, since the origins of the Third Republic are at once so important and so unfamiliar in English-speaking countries, Chapter III includes a description of the curious series of events by which the Republic came into existence.

The élan of French recovery since 1943, when this study was begun, should in itself refute any notion that this is a post mortem on France. It remains all the more, since the emergence of the Fourth Republic, something of a post mortem on the Third Republic. If the analysis here offered should help in any way to clarify the tasks of building a better democratic order in France the work will not have been in vain.

The author wishes to thank the authorities of Chatham House for their invitation to undertake a task which has given him so much pleasure; and the Master of Balliol for his helpful interest and kindness at every stage.

D.T.

Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge January 1946

NOTE ON THE SECOND EDITION

Chapter VI has been entirely re-written, and the experience of the Fourth Republic to the elections of June 1951 has been utilized to illustrate the post-war evolution of democracy in France. An English version of the Constitution of the Fourth Republic has been included as Appendix I (J) and the Bibliography has been revised and brought up to date. A new Index has been compiled.

D.T.

June 1952 . . .

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