St. Cyril of Alexandria: Letters

St. Cyril of Alexandria: Letters

St. Cyril of Alexandria: Letters

St. Cyril of Alexandria: Letters

Excerpt

Cyril of Alexandria was born during the last quarter of the fourth century and died on June 27, 444. The first certain date of his life is 403, when he was present, as he himself says in Letter 75, at the so-called Synod of the Oak near Chalcedon, at which Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria, deposed John Chrysostom from the See of Constantinople. After Theophilus died on October 15, 412, Cyril, his nephew, was elected and was elevated to his place as Patriarch on October 17. He ruled the See of Alexandria for thirty-two years.

(2) Most of the correspondence which has come down to us has to do with the great Christological controversy of the first half of the fifth century. In the winter of 427 to 428 Nestorius, a priest of the Church of Antioch and a renowned preacher, was elevated to the See of Constantinople. In his attacks on heresy he fell into heresy himself, for he made public statements which meant that there were two persons in Christ and that the title Theotokos, Mother of God, could not be given to Mary. His teaching spread and reached Egypt. Some of the monks subject to Cyril's jurisdiction asked him for direction and his reply, the famous Letter 1, brought him into the forefront of the coming battle.

(3) The conflict with Nestorius resulted in him being condemned and deposed by the Council of Ephesus in 431, at . . .

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