Russia's Lomonosov, Chemist, Courtier, Physicist, Poet

Russia's Lomonosov, Chemist, Courtier, Physicist, Poet

Russia's Lomonosov, Chemist, Courtier, Physicist, Poet

Russia's Lomonosov, Chemist, Courtier, Physicist, Poet

Excerpt

The 225th anniversary of the birth of M. V. Lomonosov was celebrated [in 1936] by the Soviet public with extraordinary unanimity and warmth. From Archangel to Stalingrad, from Minsk to Vladivostok, celebrations were organized in honor of the gifted Russian scholar and poet. Furthermore, so much information and discussion about Lomonosov appeared in the periodical press that the abundant festival literature of 1911 seems negligible by comparison.

The nationwide celebration of the memory of Lomonosov was a clear indication of the Soviet people's steadfast devotion to science. It shows their profound attachment to the cultural heritage of the past and their profound consciousness of their culture, now in the process of creation, which is national in form and socialistic in content. Pravda has epitomized our contemporary estimate of Lomonosov with full expressiveness and clarity in its lead article (No. 317, Nov. 18, 1936) entitled The Gifted Son of the Great Russian People. Here he is called "the man whose legacy made a precious contribution to the permanent capital of Russian and of world culture." The article comments on "that high sense of dignity with which Lomonosov defended the rights of science." Finally, it stresses the passionate zeal with which Lomonosov struggled for the interests of the people by means of science and literature. "The extraordinary passion for a scientific knowledge of life and for a transformation of his native land gave strength to Lomonosov. Science for him was directly bound up with experience, with actual practice, with the industrial exploitation of the natural resources of the country, with the development of its productive powers and of its culture. He loved his people fervently. That is why he carried on so unremitting a struggle with the mere clerks of science . . .

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