The Discourses

The Discourses

The Discourses

The Discourses

Synopsis

St. Symeon (942-1022), abbot, spiritual director, theologian and church reformer, was the great spiritual master of Eastern Christianity. His Discourses, the central work of his life, were preached to his monks during their Matins ritual.

Excerpt

Archbishop basile KRIVOCHÉINE was born in St. Petersburg on July 30, 1900. His father, Alexandre Krivochéine, was minister in the imperial government and, after the Revolution, Prime Minister to General Wrangel (1920). the future archbishop terminated his middle studies in his hometown and entered the historical faculty at the University of Petrograd, but his studies were interrupted by revolutionary events. in 1919 he joined up as a volunteer in the white armies, and in 1920, after the defeat, he left Russia on an English vessel. After a brief stay in Egypt and Constantinople, he settled in Paris where he studied at the Sorbonne and received the degree of licence es lettres (equivalent of the Master of Arts). For a time he studied philosophy at the University of Munich. in 1925 he left for Mount Athos and became a monk in the Russian monastery of St. Panteleimon, where he stayed for twenty-two years. He served as the secretary of his monastery and as its representative in the monastic government of the Holy Mountain. in 1936 he published in the review Seminarium Kondakovianum (Prague), a study on the ascetical and dogmatic theology of St. Gregory Palamas (translated into English and German).

In 1951 he moved to Oxford, England where he became a priest at St. Nicholas Orthodox parish and also collaborated with Professor G. W. H. Lampe on the edition of A Patristic Greek Lexicon. He has published in Sources chrétiennes a three-volume critical edition of The Catechetical Discourses of Symeon, the New Theologian (including unpublished Greek text, with introduction and notes, 1963-1965).

In 1959 Basile Krivochéine was consecrated Auxiliary Bishop of the Exarchate of the Moscow Patriarchate in Western Europe, and in 1960 became Archbishop and was appointed to Brussels where he now resides as Archbishop of the Russian Orthodox Church in Belgium (Moscow Patriarchate). a book entitled St. Symeon, the New Theologian: Life, Spirituality, Doctrine will soon appear, a result of his studies (published in French by the Editions de Chevetogne, in Russian by ymca Press). For his edition of the Catecheses, Archbishop Basile received the degree of Doctor of Theology from the Academy of Leningrad (1964).

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