Islamic Roots and Resurgence in Turkey: Understanding and Explaining the Muslim Resurgence

Islamic Roots and Resurgence in Turkey: Understanding and Explaining the Muslim Resurgence

Islamic Roots and Resurgence in Turkey: Understanding and Explaining the Muslim Resurgence

Islamic Roots and Resurgence in Turkey: Understanding and Explaining the Muslim Resurgence

Synopsis

During a time when global interest in radicalism has intensified, this book provides an illuminating and comprehensive account for the resurgence of radical Islam in Turkey. Putting aside popular perceptions, empirical research and analysis reveal that the appeal of Islam crosses all social and economic groups, including those that are successful and well educated. Awareness of the significance of ideology, socialization agents, motivation and relevant historical and contemporary contexts bring us to a broader understanding of how some Muslims become what the author terms praxistioners, those that pursue radical goals using salvation as the ultimate motivation. Investigating ideological beliefs and motivations, Vertigans argues, is the only means of understanding the wide ranging nature of the Islamic resurgence.

Excerpt

The period after the First World War is probably as heavily contested as the preceding Ottoman years but for very different reasons. In this era the introduction of the republic and the subsequent nature, influence, and impact of secularism are disputed. It is clear that irrespective of how republican history is considered, Turkey, like the Ottoman Empire before, has experienced traumatic periods of change. As the Introduction highlighted, explanations have tended to link the Islamic resurgence to change. If change has been omnipresent during the republic, however, then the analysis has to be more distinct. To help understand why the resurgence of praxism is a contemporary phenomenon, conversely greater attention needs to be placed on the earlier historical analysis. This chapter examines the development of the republic until 1980 and is designed to enable comparison with the most recent era in order to identify fundamental differences that can help explain the contemporary nature of praxist discourse.

END OF EMPIRE AND START OF THE REPUBLIC

The contest for the remaining parts of the Ottoman Empire that had begun within economic and political spheres during the seventeenth century was concluded when the First World War ended. The unity established among the successful nations during the war, the total amount of land gained in warfare, and crucially the removal of both Germany and Russia, for very different reasons, from the influential nations seeking control within Ottoman territories led to the Treaty of Sèvres. This treaty effectively meant the end of the Ottoman Empire as the land was divided among existing and proposed new nation-states. Large parts of what is today recognized as Turkish territory were divided among Greece, Italy, and

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