The Ionian Islands in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age, 3000-800 BC

The Ionian Islands in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age, 3000-800 BC

The Ionian Islands in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age, 3000-800 BC

The Ionian Islands in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age, 3000-800 BC

Synopsis

The cultural identity of the Ionian Islands during the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age was shaped by a variety of factors, not least by their geographical position at the north-western fringes of the Aegean world. Through the scrutiny of all the categories of archaeological evidence �6 tombs and cemeteries, settlements and artifacts �6 the author succeeds in reconstructing the archaeological profile of this fascinating region. Spanning the chronological period from 3000 to 800BC, this study will be of interest to archaeologists and students of Greek prehistory as a whole as well as to those studying regions and island groups. "The descriptions of sites are clear and detailed, the parallels thoroughly researched and the analysis of connections and implications lucid, objective and impressively well-informed... a gigantic step forward in the archaeology of the Ionian Islands."--Mediterranean Prehistory Online

Excerpt

This book has taken a number of years to reach the stage of publication. the core of the work consists of my 1990 PhD thesis (University of Liverpool) by the same title, which aimed to examine the closest-knit group of Ionian Islands (Lefkada, Kefalonia, Ithaki, Zakynthos), firstly as a geographically ‘bounded‘ region, and secondly as a region within the Aegean cultural area yet marking (in varying degrees of intensity in the different periods under review) the north-western boundary of its expansion. in the years which followed the completion of the thesis I carried out a more thorough study of some categories of material, particularly the Mycenaean pottery of Kefalonia and the Protogeometric pottery of Ithaki, while more and better drawings of artefacts were added to the original work. This additional material, as well as progress in archaeological research on the islands and particularly in other regions of Greece in the meantime have brought about the present, much revised work. the basic aims have remained the same, but greater emphasis is placed here on the need to make accessible, to colleagues and students, a synthesis of the large body of Bronze Age material from the islands, particularly the material which, having been excavated at an early date, was inadequately published, and also to give this material a chronological and cultural framework. It is hoped that this work will encourage the publication of the still unpublished material from old excavations, particularly the Kefalonian tombs of Mazarakata, Metaxata and Mavrata, and from more recent excavations in Ithaki and Kefalonia, so that the archaeology of the islands can reach a stage where future discoveries add to our knowledge in a meaningful way.

While preparing this study I worked in the local museums of all the islands, where the possibility of finding material, particularly the one stored in the apothikes. the accessibility of the catalogues varied from museum to museum and from year to year. However, I have opted to refer to the artefacts by their museum numbers, rather than their publication numbers. Cross-references to the relevant publications are made in the endnotes and Tables. in the case of uncatalogued material, or material for which inventory numbers were not available to me, I have referred to the artefacts in the text by their numbers on my Tables.

As is usually the case in works such as this, for reasons of economy, it has not been possible to present all the material in photographic form. I have had to leave out the photographs of most of the previously unpublished Protogeometric sherds, particularly from Aetos, of which drawings have been included here. It is hoped that an opportunity to publish photographs of this material will present itself in the future.

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