Appalachian Migrants in Urban America: Cultural Conflict or Ethnic Group Formation?

Appalachian Migrants in Urban America: Cultural Conflict or Ethnic Group Formation?

Appalachian Migrants in Urban America: Cultural Conflict or Ethnic Group Formation?

Appalachian Migrants in Urban America: Cultural Conflict or Ethnic Group Formation?

Excerpt

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS vii

LIST OF TABLES xi

Chapter

1 AT ISSUE IN THE STUDY OF APPALACHIAN MIGRANTS 1

Social-Problems Orientation 2

Assimilation Orientation 3

2 APPALACHIANS IN CINCINNATI 12

3 MAKING IT IN THE CITY 20

Neighborhood Patterns 20

Occupational Attainments 26

Educational Attainments 38

Income Attainments 39

Welfare Dependency 40

Summary 43

4 FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT 45

Housing Patterns 46

Occupational Attainments 48

Educational Attainments 51

Income Attainments 54

Conclusions 56

5 DIFFERENT RESOURCES, DIFFERENT PAYOFFS 57

Income Attainment 59

Occupational Attainment 66

Educational Attainment 78

Summary 86

6 MORE THAN A JOB 88

Voluntary-Group Participation 88

School Participation 93

Political Participation 95

Primary-Group Participation 97

Summary 98

7 HEADACHES AND HEARTBREAKS 100

Feelings of Relative Deprivation 100

Legal Problems 103

Family Problems 105

Psychological Problems 107

Summary 109

8 ON THE WAY TO BECOMING AN ETHNIC GROUP 111

Common Origin 112

Unique-Culture 113

Socioeconomic Homogeneity 114

Separate Processes of Achievement 116

Differential Association 117

Group Identification 119

Summary 120

9 TOWARD A THEORY OF ETHNIC-GROUP FORMATION 121

Economic Pressure and Ethnic-Group Formation 123

Targets of Ethnic-Group Labeling 125

Cultural Justification 128

REFERENCES 130

INDEX 136

ABOUT THE AUTHOR 139

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