Trends in European and American Linguistics, 1930-1960

Trends in European and American Linguistics, 1930-1960

Trends in European and American Linguistics, 1930-1960

Trends in European and American Linguistics, 1930-1960

Excerpt

When the Comité International Permanent des Linguistes proposed to have in its budget a sum enabling them to publish this volume in good time before the 9th International Congress of Linguists, they were in the first place guided by the desire to record, briefly, the recent achievements of European and American linguists. There was a period, due to the last war, when the two groups seemed to drift apart. That fortunately now belongs to history; the 8th International Congress had more American members than any of the previous ones, and it is to be hoped that the 9th which will take place at Harvard in 1961 will have a large number of Europeans.

We have had to limit our task to an exposé of the main trends in general linguistics and have not been able to deal with other linguistic disciplines. Therefore no review of the achievements of the different countries in which linguistic research is carried out will be found in the book. We have tried to get the characteristic 'schools' represented, but regret that there are important lacunae, as far as Europe is concerned, such as, for example, the socalled Prague School and British research centred round Daniel Jones, J. R. Firth and others. We intend, however, to complete our task in a second volume for which we hope to get the necessary subvention.

One cannot understand the present situation in our science without some knowledge of how it developed. It is therefore that our volume also contains contributions mainly of historical interest.

CHRISTINE MOHRMANN
ALF SOMMERFELT
JOSHUA WHATMOUGH

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