Fertility, Mortality, and Migration in Subsaharan Africa: The Case of Ovamboland in North Namibia, 1925-90

Fertility, Mortality, and Migration in Subsaharan Africa: The Case of Ovamboland in North Namibia, 1925-90

Fertility, Mortality, and Migration in Subsaharan Africa: The Case of Ovamboland in North Namibia, 1925-90

Fertility, Mortality, and Migration in Subsaharan Africa: The Case of Ovamboland in North Namibia, 1925-90

Synopsis

In north Namibia there is the availability of continuous series of parish record data since the 1920s. In this study fertility, mortality and internal migration in north Namibia among the Christian population since 1925 to 1990 is analyzed.

Excerpt

Population development in Africa is again under great pressure. in particular aids seems to be causing many kinds of problems in Africa. Fertility figures in most of the countries are high and mortality has declined in just a few countries. in addition the political development has caused serious difficulties in many parts of the Africa. the political instability is affecting both the internal mobility and also international migration. the future of the population development in Africa is very difficult to estimate. the history of population development in Africa has been more difficult to describe compared to Europe or some other parts of the world. in addition there is very little information from population development from the 1930s or 1940s or close to the Second World War in small areas in Africa. in this study we have been able to use the population data from Ovamboland in Namibia since the 1920s. Ovamboland is the small but the most densely populated area of Namibia located close to the Angolan border. Some may wonder, if it is worthwhile to analyse the population development on a regional level. However, we hope that this book shows that it is worthwhile.

The role of Finnish missionaries has been very important in Ovamboland. First, we would like to thank all those Finnish missionaries who have worked in Ovamboland and ministers of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia. Without them this study would not have been done. Financially the Academy of Finland and the wider institute have supported this study. There are many organizations and persons both in Namibia and Finland who we would like to thank. We are grateful to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia, Central Statistics Office of Namibia, National Planning Commission of Namibia, National Archives of Namibia, Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Mission, University of Helsinki and Joensuu. There were also many persons directly involved in to the study. Mr Ossi Lemström took care of the statistical part of the data analysis and Ms Satu Federley, Mr Kari Miettinen, Mr Anssi Taskinen and Mr Vesa Vanhanen have been responsible for the data entry . . .

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