Parallel Views: Education and Access for Deaf People in France and the United States

Parallel Views: Education and Access for Deaf People in France and the United States

Parallel Views: Education and Access for Deaf People in France and the United States

Parallel Views: Education and Access for Deaf People in France and the United States

Excerpt

These articles originated as papers presented at a French-American colloquium, "Deaf People in Society: Education and Access," held in Paris in October of 1991. The colloquium was sponsored by the French-American Foundation, USA, and the Fondation Franco‐ Américaine, France.

Contributors to this volume have used a variety of terms to designate deaf people. Translations from the French frequently refer to "the deaf." Some American authors use the word "deaf" only as an adjective, while others distinguish between "Deaf" and "deaf"—the former designating members of Deaf culture, the latter referring generally to people with hearing loss. The same varying practices can be found in many recent works concerning deaf people; consequently, we have chosen to respect each author's usage in the absence of a clear (and binational) consensus.

We would like to express our appreciation to Marceau Long, Chairman of the Fondation Franco-Américaine, France, and to Edward Tuck, President of the French-American Foundation, USA. A special thanks to Michel Jaoul, Vice Chairman and President of the Paris Fondation Franco-Américaine for his vision, cooperation, and tireless efforts to make the colloquium become a reality.

We would like to thank the following individuals, without whose support the colloquium would not have been possible: Diantha Schull, former Executive Director of the French-American Foundation, USA; Harlan Lane, Distinguished University Professor at Northeastern University; Harry Markowicz, Assistant Professor at Gallaudet University; Bernard Mottez, Research Director, French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); and I. King Jordan, President of Gallaudet University. We would also like to acknowledge the late Eli Savanick, Director of . . .

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