Darwin: Competition & Cooperation

Darwin: Competition & Cooperation

Darwin: Competition & Cooperation

Darwin: Competition & Cooperation

Excerpt

Untold numbers of people believe that what they understand by "Darwinism" has been scientifically demonstrated and is fully supported by the majority of contemporary scientists. "Darwinism," to most persons in the Western world today, usually connotes "the struggle for existence," "the survival of the fittest," "nature, red in tooth and claw," "the strongest survive, the weakest go to the wall," "eat or be eaten," "dog eat dog," "competition," and similar notions, all of them endowed with a content of combativeness--and all of them unsound.

The layman is not to be blamed for holding ideas that were largely conveyed to him, either directly or indirectly, by scientists who were themselves addicted to these erroneous ideas. The biologists of the nineteenth century, and many of their leading interpreters, were largely responsible for the spread of . . .

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