National Development, 1877-1885

National Development, 1877-1885

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National Development, 1877-1885

National Development, 1877-1885

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Excerpt

The previous volume in this series, Dunning's Reconstruction, deals with the later phases of a Civil War, the consequences of which, and the adjustments resulting from which, occupied men's thoughts for a dozen years after hostilities in the field had ceased. Then came a distinct break between those old issues and the immediate, vital question of the adaptation of American government to the industrial and social needs of the country. It is at this turningpoint, the year 1877, that Professor Sparks begins this volume.

The first five chapters are devoted to a summary of the social and economic conditions of the time, including invention, transportation, and labor. This prepares the way for chapters vi.-viii., on the party struggles due to President Hayes' withdrawal of the federal troops from the South. In chapters ix.-xii., the author develops two other questions -- silver coinage and the national civil service -- which aroused lively discussion. Then he turns (chapters xiii., xiv.) to the two principal questions of foreign policy, the Isthmian Canal and the exclusion of the Chinese. Two chapters (xv., xvi.) bring out the effect on the . . .

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