Communism and Nationalism in the Middle East

Communism and Nationalism in the Middle East

Communism and Nationalism in the Middle East

Communism and Nationalism in the Middle East

Excerpt

The present study is the first in its field, and consequently entailed difficulties of a very special nature. The historical source material has never been systematically collected, and since much of it is made up of underground publications, certain bibliographical lacunae have been unavoidable. In view of the fact that this attempt to trace the history of the extremist movements (and particularly of Communism) in the Middle East is the first to be undertaken, I cannot pretend to anything approaching completeness--a whole series of monographs would be needed for that purpose. I have felt that the almost certain unfamiliarity of the reader with the subject-matter obliged me first to make an historical survey of the movements dealt with before critically evaluating their past and present status. Persia has been left outside the compass of this survey, mainly because of the existence of several studies of Communism and the right-wing extremist movements in Persia--however fragmentary they may be--whereas there exists nothing of the kind for the other Middle Eastern countries. Some of the material in the chapters on Egypt and Israel has appeared previously (under the pen name M. Alexander) in Commentary (1952-53) and in the British monthly Twentieth Century (1953-54). Condensed versions of Chapters 19 and 20 appeared in The Middle East Journal (Winter, 1955), and The World Today (The Chatham House Review) (December, 1955) respectively.

I should like to express my thanks here to the many friends in various countries who have assisted me in procuring source material. Mr. N. Rogel has rendered invaluable help in checking and correcting the transliteration of names. I should like to record my obligation to Mr. G. L. Arnold and Mr. H. S. Deighton, who have read the manuscript and offered advice on a number of points.

Jerusalem and London WALTER Z. LAQUEUR

July-December, 1955 . . .

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