Japanese Economics and Economists since 1945

Japanese Economics and Economists since 1945

Japanese Economics and Economists since 1945

Japanese Economics and Economists since 1945

Synopsis

This volume shows that since 1945 Japanese economists, Marxist in particular, have made substantial contributions to the study of economic thought and have significantly influenced policy makers.

Excerpt

This book is the result of the three-year project entitled a statistical study of Japanese economics since 1945’, which was backed by Japan’s Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture from April 1995 till March 1998. This project was originally solicited by another project entitled ‘Post-1945 internationalization of economics’, which was organized by Bob Coats. At the initial stage, Coats aimed to examine the process and degree of the Americanization of economics in each country in the post-1945 period. However, we found this plan misleading, because what is regarded as American economics was found in Europe before 1945. Moreover, the internationalization of economics had started before the United States of America became an active participant in the formation of the international community for economists. the title was changed and the internationalization of economics was traced prior to 1945 as well. the final result of the HOPE-Duke project was published under the title of ‘Post-1945 internationalization of economics’ as the annual supplement to the History of Political Economy in December 1996.

In preparing for the HOPE-Duke conference, Coats suggested that the participants collect the relevant statistical data in making country-based studies such as Britain, Australia, India, Sweden, Italy, Brazil, Korea, and Japan. He wanted to avoid an ‘impressionist’ approach to this kind of comparative study. the economics of any country has those elements which are fully internationalized as well as those which are not. With regard to Japanese economics, the impressions held by foreign scholars differ from one group to another. There are diverse impressions held by many scholars without measuring a relevant weight. We aimed to make an objective study of comparative economics, that is to say, we clarified the characteristics of institutional arrangements for both economic research and economic policy making in Japan, collected as much data as we could, and tried statistical analysis of Japanese economics.

Honestly speaking, we started with the examination of those data which were available to us. in May 1996, we created the electronic mailing list exclusive for these project members. the list made it possible for us to exchange information and ideas every day. Thanks to the daily communication, we could save real meeting time and enhance research productivity enormously because we live in remote places from each other in Japan. We used not only EconLit (CD-ROM) but also the on-line

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