The Effects of Equipment Age on Mission Critical Failure Rates: A Study of M1 Tanks

The Effects of Equipment Age on Mission Critical Failure Rates: A Study of M1 Tanks

The Effects of Equipment Age on Mission Critical Failure Rates: A Study of M1 Tanks

The Effects of Equipment Age on Mission Critical Failure Rates: A Study of M1 Tanks

Excerpt

Due to budget limits, the service lives of many Army weapon systems are being extended. There is a widespread belief that the resulting increases in fleet ages are—or will be—creating readiness and cost problems. The Army has therefore launched a program to rebuild and selectively upgrade fielded systems, many of which currently exceed fleet age targets. This program is known as recapitalization (RECAP).

However, initial recapitalization plans combined with investments in new equipment have strained the Army budget, and complete RECAP of current aged fleets has been found unaffordable. Thus, the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G-8 (Programs), the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3 (Operations and Plans), the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G-4 (Logistics), the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology (OASA[ALT]), and the Army Materiel Command (AMC) have been examining which systems (both type and portion of the fleet) should be recapitalized and defining what that renewal process should involve (the extent of work for each “overhaul”). Accordingly, OASA(ALT) is sponsoring RAND Arroyo Center research on how equipment age affects readiness and resource requirements, to aid analyses in support of RECAP decisions.

This report describes one component of this study: an assessment of the relationship between tank age and the mission-critical failure rate for the M1 Abrams tank. Findings should be of interest to resource planners, logistics analysts, and weapon system analysts.

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