The New European Criminology: Crime and Social Order in Europe

The New European Criminology: Crime and Social Order in Europe

The New European Criminology: Crime and Social Order in Europe

The New European Criminology: Crime and Social Order in Europe

Synopsis

The New European Criminology gathers together leading criminologists from all over Europe to consider crime and responses to crime within and across national borders. For the first time it allows students to experience the most exciting work in European criminology and to compare approaches to crime in different parts of Europe. The five sections of the book look at: * the effects of European harmonisation on crime * criminal justice, law enforcement and penal reform * organised crime, from the Mafia in Italy to drug running in the Balkans * local crime in international contexts * possible future directions for criminology and some suggestions for a new criminology of war.

Excerpt

To the extent to which the resistance in Scandinavia and other places in Europe is directed only against a Europe run by the Brussels bureaucracy, that is against a systematic unification process which does not yet have a shared political life-world to support it, to that extent these impulses could be transformed into a demand for a democratic Europe. The one true hurdle consists of the absence of a common public, of an arena for dealing with issues of common concern. Whether such a forum for communication will arise ironically depends mostly on intellectuals as a group who unceasingly talk about Europe without ever doing anything for it.

(Habermas 1996:16)

‘Market liberalism’ and crime across Europe

As we approach the end of the century, the advance of ‘economic liberalism’—or of a free market, untramelled (and, indeed, encouraged) by Governments—is observable right across Europe—from Ireland to Russia, from Spain to ‘social-democratic’ Scandinavia. So also are the far-reaching effects. Not least of these effects, of course, is the increase in unemployment across the European Community itself, which we identified in the introduction of the volume, and also a general economic polarisation of the broader society. This rapid ‘marketisation’ of Europe now extends as far as the culture and sport traditionally associated with the individual countries on the European continent. The Verona Opera is now marketed by the European tourism industry as much as La Scala in Milan; and on television across Europe the English Premier League is now as widely available as Serie A from Italy. Fashion shows from London are as heavily publicised as those in Paris and Milan, and we can watch rock-diving from Portugal as well as Alpine skiing, and cycling competitions from all over Europe, not just the Tour de France. We have a Europe, in fact, in which many new levels of social and cultural activity have rapidly become commodities for sale on the European (and in many instances the global) market.

The energetic advance of the ‘free market’ is closely associated with the

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