Confronting "The Enemy Within": Security Intelligence, the Police, and Counterterrorism in Four Democracies

Confronting "The Enemy Within": Security Intelligence, the Police, and Counterterrorism in Four Democracies

Confronting "The Enemy Within": Security Intelligence, the Police, and Counterterrorism in Four Democracies

Confronting "The Enemy Within": Security Intelligence, the Police, and Counterterrorism in Four Democracies

Synopsis

The authors examine the origin, development, and functions of intelligence organizations in the United Kingdom, France, Canada, and Australia. They assess the terrorist threat in each country, the intelligence organization's role in terrorism threat mitigation, its relationship with law enforcement agencies, and the means and modalities by which it is controlled and monitored. The analysis is intended to help inform debate within the United States on the advisability of creating a dedicated information collection and surveillance body that operates outside the existing structure of the FBI.

Excerpt

This report considers the origin, development, and functions of selected non-U.S. intelligence organizations, assessing their role in terrorism threat mitigation, their relationship with law enforcement agencies, and the means and modalities by which they are controlled and monitored. The analysis is intended to help inform debate within the United States on the advisability of creating a dedicated information collection and surveillance body that operates outside the existing structure of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

The research presented here is derived exclusively from open sources: published books, newspaper and other secondary sources, public government documents, and interviews with academics and active and retired law enforcement and intelligence officials. The study was supported through the provision of independent research and development funds provided by RAND Public Safety and Justice (PSJ), a division of the RAND Corporation.

Jack Riley, Director of PSJ, provided overall supervision for this research. Comments on the study are welcomed and should be directed to the authors (Peter Chalk or William Rosenau) or to Dr. Riley.

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