Migration and Gender in the Developed World

Migration and Gender in the Developed World

Migration and Gender in the Developed World

Migration and Gender in the Developed World

Synopsis

Migration and Gender in the Developed World demonstrates how migration is highly gendered, with the experiences of women and men often varying markedly in different migration situations. The book draws upon situations in Canada, the UK and Hong Kong making it one of the most complete and concise titles on this growing academic field.

Excerpt

Keith Halfacree and Paul Boyle

In a short paper presented to the British limited life Migration Research Network a few years ago, one of the current authors (Halfacree 1993) argued that the interface between migration and gender remained ‘a neglected area of research’. This was in spite of the substantial leaps made in both feminist scholarship and the study of human migration over the previous couple of decades. Moreover, this neglected status of geography and gender was seen to be especially acute with respect to work undertaken in so-called developed nations, since much more recognition has been paid to gender-specific migration patterns and processes in the developing world (see Chant 1992; Lawson 1998).

Five years on, it behoves us to consider the current state of play. On the one hand, it is clear that much progress has been made. This is evidenced in the key role given to gender in recent migration publications (for example, Boyle, Halfacree and Robinson 1998; King, Connell and White 1995) and in the high profile of gender issues in the grants from which the research for many of the chapters in this collection are taken. None the less, as will also become clear from the contributions given here, there is still much to do before we have satisfactorily answered the questions raised within these chapters. Gender and migration in developed countries is a rich area of ongoing research.

There are two main aims of this introductory chapter. in the latter half we provide a flavour of each chapter’s subject, approach and principal findings, set in the context of the overall ordering of the book. Initially, though, we describe the current state of play in research on the gendering of human migration, contextualizing this work in the context of a mapping of the evolution of feminist scholarship within geography.

Gender recognition in migration research

Within migration research in general, an economic focus on labour migration has been and in many respects remains predominant from studies within the neo-classical tradition to those more rooted in radical interpretations. This concern to understand the factors responsible for either encouraging or

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