Organizational Cultures: Types and Transformations

Organizational Cultures: Types and Transformations

Organizational Cultures: Types and Transformations

Organizational Cultures: Types and Transformations

Synopsis

This concise new introductory text provides succinct analysis of organizational cultures and the types of change they can set in motion. `Culture' is used in an original way to make sense of central issues of organizational behaviour.

Excerpt

The aim of this book is to provide a text in Organizational Behaviour (OB) which provokes thinking about values. Shared values in an organization form its culture, hence the title.

OB is an academic discipline with broad scope. It covers the full range of human activity associated with any corporate enterprise. So a text must be selective. Cultures are stressed here because they affect many other things that go on. An organizational culture includes commonly held values, but also common beliefs and attitudes. It prescribes ‘the way we do things here’. However, it is possible to change the prescription. So, as the subtitle suggests, methods of cultural transformation are described as well as types of culture.

Human beings, to survive, have to get food and shelter, defend themselves against dangers, and hand on their knowledge and skills to the next generation. Hunting bands, nomadic herdsmen, settled agriculturalists and societies engaged in trade and commerce have their own economies, governance and culture. In the modern world, however, global trade and telecommunications are spreading the influence of large multinational forms of organization. The values of those who run such powerful organizations may be critical for the welfare of many people. For multinational corporations have their own cultures which can be in competition with the cultures of some of the societies where they operate.

A society’s culture is expressed not only in art but also in how it solves its survival problems. It is argued here that cultural patterns in societies can be matched, to some extent, by cultural patterns in organizations. Similar patterns can even be found in small groups and in leadership styles. Finally, at the personal level, there are personality

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