New Technology and Regional Development

New Technology and Regional Development

New Technology and Regional Development

New Technology and Regional Development


1. Technology and industrial change: an overview; 2. The innovation factor in the process of microeconomic industrial change: conceptual explorations; 3. Research, development and innovation in the segmented economy: spatial implications; 4. Strategy formulation, organisational learning and location; 5. Enterprise and the product-cycle model: conceptual ambiguities; 6. Technological change and space demand in industrial plants; 7. Technology and industrial change: the role of the European Community regional development policy; 8. Technology parks and interregional competition in the Federal Republic of Germany; 9. Philips in the world: a view of a multinational on resource allocation; 10. Innovation decision-making in small and medium-sized firms: a behavioural approach concerning firms in the Dutch urban system; 11. The spatial pattern of high growth activities in the Netherlands


Since the second half of the seventies, a period of economic recession, a growing interest for technological change can be noticed in all ‘old’ industrial countries. the reason for this phenomenon is the conviction that the economic future of these countries will depend to a large degree on their ability to create new products and processes and to make these commercially viable. Hence the stimulation and subsidising of all kinds of Research and Development (R&D) activities by the governments of these countries.

The strong emphasis in economic policy on technological change or innovation was accompanied and supported by scientific research. Although policy measures strongly favoured technological research, many investigations dealt with the relation between technological change and economic development. in this type of research some ‘old’ ideas were revaluated, as was the case with the Kondratiev long waves, Schumpeter’s ideas about entrepreneurship and the concept of product life cycle.

Within this line of research geographers together with some economists took a specific position, as they are especially interested in questions of a spatial nature. in what kind of regions are conditions most favourable to realise technological change? Will the process of technological change lead to growing differences between regions and what policy measures can be taken to prevent such further divergence? What will be the impact of spatial differences in the process of technological change in general?

These kinds of questions raised the interest of not only geographers, but also of planning authorities. This certainly has to do with the fact that technological change manifests itself in very specific locations. Just as technological change may be associated with Silicon Valley, with Route 128, with Sophia Antipolis or Cambridge University, this, at the same time, introduces a spatial element in the discussion.

Against this background it was certainly not unexpected that the igu Commisson on Industrial Change, presided by Godfrey Linge, decided to organise a congress on ‘Technology and Industrial Change.’ This congress was held in August 1985 at Nijmegen in the Netherlands. in this book some of the papers presented there are published. We are very happy that we were

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