Problem Solving and Intelligence

Problem Solving and Intelligence

Problem Solving and Intelligence

Problem Solving and Intelligence

Excerpt

Problem Solving and Intelligence is the result of the author's efforts to understand the nature of human intelligence and the differences in the cognitive functioning of individuals which we observe again and again.

The book contains two types of material. First, it presents an overview of major contributions to the conceptualization and investigation of problem solving and intelligence, which was derived from the extensive, largely non-cumulative literature. Second, it reports a comprehensive, empirical study of the manifestation of intelligence in problem solving.

The subject matter is at the interface of three traditional areas of psychological inquiry; namely, the study of cognitive processes, individual differences, and the characteristics of the stimulus. What is innovative is that intellectual performance is investigated in relation to the simultaneous operation of variables from these dimensions.

The major issues addressed are the discovery and description of psychological functions which vary according to the task in hand, and contribute to individual differences in achievement; and the identification of the implications which a better understanding of the cognitive processes involved in intellectual performance will have for the development of more theoretically based, and hence more informative, measures of intelligence.

The general approach of this book is behavioral. It leans heavily on information processing aspects of human problem solving strategies. However, the book is also about psychometrics, for two reasons. First, much of its content was conceived by insights gained both from traditional psychometric approaches, and from dissatisfaction resulting from . . .

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