The European Union and the South: Relations with Developing Countries

The European Union and the South: Relations with Developing Countries

The European Union and the South: Relations with Developing Countries

The European Union and the South: Relations with Developing Countries


At the end of the current millenium the best description of Europe's relations with the developing countries of the South is: all change. Since 1957 the European Community has operated special policies for developing countries, many of which were formerly European colonies. However, neither the policies for Central and South America, the Lome Convention for the African, Caribbean and Pacific States, nor successive policies for the Mediterranean countries reflect a unified Europe. The European Union and the South begins by investigating the prospects for a common European foreign policy. It argues that Europe has developed a complex web of external relations, but no common foreign policy. In so far as the EU seeks a special world role to overcome its image as political dwarf, the role of champion or partner of the developing South has much to recommend it. This book presents an up-to-date, scholarly analysis of the foreign and development policy dilemmas facing Europe today. It will be essential reading for students of European external relations, development policy and international affairs.


The European Union (EU) has a vast network of relationships with countries and organizations in all parts of the world. This book undertakes to examine in particular its relations with the developing countries—the ‘South’. As a region the South is no better defined than its equally amorphous counterpart, the developed countries or ‘North’. Nevertheless, the ‘South’ is a near-ubiquitous term used to refer to the former colonies of Europe and other poor countries such as Liberia and Ethiopia.

Among the developing areas of the world, European interest has concentrated first and foremost upon Africa. The present text, too, concentrates its attention on European relations with Africa while also recognizing the importance of connections with the Caribbean, the Pacific, Latin America and East Asia. Within Africa, European interest has traditionally concentrated on the sub-Saharan part of the continent, but, as Chapter 3 demonstrates, this situtation is changing.

This book is intended to introduce the subject of the EU’s relations with developing countries to readers with some knowledge of or interest in the contemporary process of European integration or with a specialism in international affairs. Students of European Studies, International Relations, International Political Economy or Development Studies will find many themes of interest. The European Union and the South delves into a relationship which is of central importance to the future of Europe, to the future of the developing countries and to the position of both parties within the global international system.

Before dealing specifically with the European Union’s development policy, Chapter 1 situates this policy in the context of the Union’s place in the world at large. Chapter 1 raises the question

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