Hovels to High Rise: State Housing in Europe since 1850

Hovels to High Rise: State Housing in Europe since 1850

Hovels to High Rise: State Housing in Europe since 1850

Hovels to High Rise: State Housing in Europe since 1850


Hovels to Highrise traces how governments in five European countries became involved in replacing industrial revolution urban slums with mass high-rise, high density concrete estates. As the book considers each country's housing history and traditions, and analyses the contrasting structures and systems, it finds convergence of problems in the growing tensions of their most disadvantaged communities.
Anne Power underlines the continuing drift towards deeper polarization, a problem that the European Community will not be able to ignore with the interlocking but multi-lingual, multi-ethnic, urban societies of the future. The book's detailed coverage of the historical, political amd social changes relating to housing within the various countries make it an important text for students and practitioners concerned with housing, urban affairs, social policy and administration.


Europe includes the twelve member states of the European Community.

The Continent describes countries that are part of mainland Europe and does not include Britain or Ireland.

Ireland refers to the Republic of Ireland, excluding the six counties of Ulster.

Britain refers to England, Scotland, Wales, excluding Northern Ireland.

An estate refers to a group of dwellings built in a discrete area, normally by a single developer and/or owner.

High rise refers to multi-storey blocks of dwellings, normally above five storeys. Individual countries have varied definitions but in this study a broad general definition was used.

State-sponsored housing describes housing promoted or encouraged through state financial incentives, where the state plays a continuing role in regulation and use.

Housing company is a landlord organisation, where individuals and bodies, including public bodies, own shares. Shareholders control the board of the company. Social housing companies have shareholders whose object is not profit but the provision of low-cost housing—for example, local authorities, trade unions, employers, charities, etc.

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