The People's Republic of China has often used force in ways that surprised and perplexed other countries. The Chinese appear to believe that, by carefully designing military operations to achieve maximum political effect, they can successfully use force even when the overall military balace is unfavorable. China's past successes in using force in this way while avoiding a massive reaction from its adversaries may give it confidence that it can succeed in the future as well.
Related books and articles
United States Relations with China: With Special Reference to the Period 1944-1949 By United States Department Of State U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1949
A Policy Calculated to Benefit China: The United States and the China Arms Embargo, 1919-1929 By Stephen J. Valone Greenwood Press, 1991
Japan and Greater China: Political Economy and Military Power in the Asian Century By Garver, John W. The China Journal, No. 51, January 2004
Southeast Asia and China: The Role of History and Culture in Shaping Future Relations By Stuart-Fox, Martin Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 26, No. 1, April 2004
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Bush Skirts Military Questions; Cites Relations with China as Complex but 'Good' By Sammon, Bill The Washington Times (Washington, DC), July 20, 2005
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