Decision Support Systems in Urban Planning

Decision Support Systems in Urban Planning

Decision Support Systems in Urban Planning

Decision Support Systems in Urban Planning

Synopsis

This book offers innovative research in decision support systems in urban planning from throughout the world, with examples applying to site selection, environmental management, transport, and location analysis as well as the planning process itself.

Excerpt

Geographical information systems (GIS) have been introduced in urban planning with high expectations. It was felt that these systems would improve the quality of the planning process, as these systems would allow the use of advanced analysis and modelling tools. The current state of the art certainly indicates that geographical information systems are increasingly used in both the public and private sectors. There is some doubt, however, that they are used to their full potential. The systems seem to be used primarily for data storage and graphic output, and there does not seem that much beyond mapping.

There may be different reasons for this situation. The field is in need of better models and tools of analysis. Commercial systems do not incorporate available modelling tools, and hence these are difficult to use unless users have access to additional software that allows them to use these tools, although even in that case the integration of the modules with geographical information systems into a full decision support system (DSS) is still problematic. It has also been argued that current systems do not truly support the users’ needs or support only part of a plan development process. Finally, the inherent relevance of many of the existing tools might be limited. To improve the situation, active research along each of these lines can be identified.

The current volume includes part of this research. It consists of edited chapters that were originally presented as papers at Design and Decision Support Systems Conferences, organized by the Urban Planning Group of the Eindhoven University of Technology. Ongoing research can be divided into theoretical research that discusses the nature and role of decision support systems in decision-making processes, development work that tries to improve or build new models and tools of analysis, and applications. The chapters included in this volume are organized along the same lines: theoretical papers, papers on developments in tools, and applications of geographical information and decision support systems in

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