Exploring the Limits of Personnel Selection and Classification

Exploring the Limits of Personnel Selection and Classification

Exploring the Limits of Personnel Selection and Classification

Exploring the Limits of Personnel Selection and Classification

Synopsis

Beginning in the early 1980s and continuing through the middle 1990s, the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) sponsored a comprehensive research and development program to evaluate and enhance the Army's personnel selection and classification procedures. This was a set of interrelated efforts, collectively known as Project A. Project A had a number of basic and applied research objectives pertaining to selection and classification decision making. It focused on the entire selection and classification system for Army enlisted personnel and addressed research questions that can be generalized to other personnel systems. It involved the development and evaluation of a comprehensive array of predictor and criterion measures using samples of tens of thousands of individuals in a broad range of jobs. The research included a longitudinal sample--from which data were collected at organizational entry--following training, after 1-2 years on the job and after 3-4 years on the job. This book provides a concise and readable description of the entire Project A research program. The editors share the problems, strategies, experiences, findings, lessons learned, and some of the excitement that resulted from conducting the type of project that comes along once in a lifetime for an industrial/organizational psychologist. This book is of interest to industrial/organizational psychologists, including experienced researchers, consultants, graduate students, and anyone interested in personnel selection and classification research.

Excerpt

Beginning in the early 1980s continuing through the middle 1990s, the us. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) sponsored a comprehensive research and development program to evaluate and enhance the Army's personnel selection and classification procedures. It was actually a set of interrelated efforts, collectively known as “Project A, ” that were carried out by the sponsor (ARI) and a contractor consortium of three organizations (the American Institutes for Research—AIR, the Human Resources Research Organization—HumRRO, and the Personnel Decisions Research Institute—PDRI).

As will be described in Chapter One, Project a engaged a number of basic and applied research objectives pertaining to selection and classification decision making. It focused on the entire selection and classification system for enlisted personnel and attempted to address research questions and generalize findings within this system context. It involved the development and evaluation of a comprehensive array of predictor and criterion measures using samples of tens of thousands of individuals in a broad range of jobs sampled representatively from a population of jobs. Every attempt was made to fully represent the latent structure of the determinants (i.e. . . .

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