The Origins of Stalinism: From Leninist Revolution to Stalinist Society

The Origins of Stalinism: From Leninist Revolution to Stalinist Society

The Origins of Stalinism: From Leninist Revolution to Stalinist Society

The Origins of Stalinism: From Leninist Revolution to Stalinist Society


By adopting the ecological process as their major theme, the contributors of this volume show how the process of human interaction with the natural environment unfolded in the past, and offer perspective on the ecological crises in our world at the beginning of the 21st century.


How did it come to pass that the first great anti-imperialist revolution of the modern era ultimately gave birth to but another imperialism of a new kind? One possible answer is that certain defining characteristics of neo-Stalinist imperialism were linked with certain defining characteristics of the 1917 Russian revolution. It is primarily with this still insufficiently explored hypothesis that the present book will be concerned.

The choice of subject was inspired in the first place by the current state of neo-Stalinism, and how it is portrayed by its present critics. Although Orwell's predictions were not borne out, 1984 confronted us with a Stalinism whose distinctive markings have been engraved ever more deeply upon its countenance. Its longevity and stability have earned for it a place in history, while its sheer territorial expanse, along with the political weight it is able to bring to bear across the globe, is testimony enough of its international significance. Immersed in crisis, now all but perpetual, the opposition Stalinism has traditionally engendered has shifted its epicenter from without to within the society itself. Oppositional thought, bent on eradicating Stalinism from the fairways of human history, has proven itself infinitely more prolific and inventive than reflective thought, more properly concerned with comprehending its nature.

The crisis of Stalinism is also a measure of the crisis in the critical theory of Stalinism, even as paradoxically the latter renders the former more bearable. One current of this criticism, drifting into journalism, tends to reduce Stalinism to the historical agents who at different times have incarnated it, while another part excels in prophecies proclaiming precisely when, how, by whom, and by what other social order Stalinism will be replaced. Both are equally heedless of the central problem, namely that of the actual workings of this society, so darkly known to us, although they thoroughly govern the behavior of its leaders and through their malfunctionings reveal its most vulnerable sides.

Observation of key individuals is no substitute for the study of structure, and the truism that the future is ever upon us cannot justify an ignorance of the . . .

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