Husserl and Heidegger on Human Experience

Husserl and Heidegger on Human Experience

Husserl and Heidegger on Human Experience

Husserl and Heidegger on Human Experience

Synopsis

In this book Pierre Keller examines Husserl's and Heidegger's approaches to fundamental elements of human experience, and shows both how their conceptions are related to each other and how they fit into a wider philosophical context. His sophisticated and accessible account of the phenomenological philosophy of Husserl and the existential phenomenology of Heidegger will be of wide interest to students and specialists in these areas, while analytic philosophers of mind will be interested in the detailed parallels that he draws with a number of concerns of the analytic philosophical tradition.

Excerpt

The phenomenological reduction is the key theoretical tool that Husserl develops after the Investigations for engaging in a distinctively philosophical form of reflection on experience. In the first volume of his Ideas on a Pure Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy (henceforth Ideas i), Husserl talks of different phenomenological reductions but does not explicitly distinguish between the psychological, phenomenological, and eidetic reductions. In subsequent work, especially his lectures on First Philosophy (1923–4: Hua 8), Husserl distinguishes between three forms of reduction: (1) A psychological reduction is one in which one reflects on the contents of consciousness. We restrict our attention to what we are aware of in selfconscious reflection. But we do not abstract from the existential commitments of the mental stages upon which we reflect. (2) In the phenomenological or transcendental reduction, we understand the contents and objects of consciousness as objects of a purely theoretical investigation that takes no interest in the objects of reflection . . .

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