Rethinking Careers Education and Guidance: Theory, Policy, and Practice

Rethinking Careers Education and Guidance: Theory, Policy, and Practice

Rethinking Careers Education and Guidance: Theory, Policy, and Practice

Rethinking Careers Education and Guidance: Theory, Policy, and Practice


This book analyses the development of careers provision, examining various aspects including the interview, careers education, experience-based learning about work, recording achievement and action planning, and the use of computers.


This is to our knowledge the first book published in the United Kingdom to cover theory, policy and practice in all sectors of careers education and guidance provision. Traditionally, such provision has been fragmented and sector-bound. The establishment of the National Advisory Council for Careers and Educational Guidance (NACCEG) and of the Advice, Guidance, Counselling and Psychotherapy Lead Body have however brought the sectors into closer contact with one another. The rapid changes that are taking place in the world of work are also producing increased recognition of the need for lifelong access to guidance in support of lifelong career development. This is encouraging practitioners in different sectors to pay more attention to the whole of which they are part.

At the same time, careers education and guidance is receiving greater public-policy attention in the UK than ever before. This offers new opportunities but also new threats. There is a danger that development will be narrowly policy-focused, and will lose touch with the field’s theoretical roots. Theory, policy and practice are mutually dependent: each is impoverished without fertile links with the others.

The present book is designed to help practitioners to develop a broader and deeper intellectual base for their work. It is aimed particularly at students in initial training, those engaged in in-service and higher-degree work, and reflective practitioners.

We are immensely indebted to the Esmée Fairbairn Trust, for a grant which supported the writing of the book. It provided us with reflective space in which to bring together some of the main work we have carried out over the last two decades since the launch of the National Institute for Careers Education and Counselling (NICEC) in 1975, and to rethink and re-invigorate it. We have met regularly over the last two years to brainstorm chapters and to review drafts. Although we have different viewpoints and different styles, we hope that the text is reasonably coherent and cohesive, and displays the fruits of the conversations we have had with one another.

We have tried to harmonise our terminology where possible. In general, we adopt a broad definition of the term ‘careers education and guidance’, covering a range of processes designed to enable individuals to make informed choices and transitions related to their learning and to their work. Where appropriate, we distinguish between ‘careers education’ and ‘careers guidance’: Chapter 12 includes an extended discussion of the relationship between the two. Sometimes, however, we follow the common convention of using the term ‘guidance’ as a shorthand version of ‘careers education and guidance’. In the light of the changes

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.