Freedom and Civilization

Freedom and Civilization

Freedom and Civilization

Freedom and Civilization

Excerpt

From the early days of the rise to power of Hitler, Bronislaw Malinowski was an outspoken opponent of National Socialism. He began at that time to devote much attention to the analysis of war, from its development and throughout history to its disastrous present-day manifestations, and gave many lectures on the subject, attacking at the same time the totalitarian regimes as states organized for "chronic preparedness for war in the interests of war." This resulted in the early banning of his books in Germany.

In America, one of his first analyses of war was given in the Oration at the Phi Beta Kappa exercises at the Harvard Tercentenary in 1936, and after his return to this country on sabbatical vacation at the end of 1938, he lectured with increasing intensity on the dangers of totalitarianism for humanity and culture.

After the outbreak of war in 1939, Malinowski remained in the United States, having been appointed to Yale University. He became more and more absorbed in analyzing the present world issues and in calling attention to the disasters which would result from a totalitarian victory. He was profoundly disturbed by the lack of realization among students of the significance of the war and the consequences of a totalitarian victory; both in 1941 and 1942 he suggested the organization at Yale of a discussion group of students and faculty, for the clarification of the issues and aims of the war and the questions of the coming peace. He felt a grave moral responsibility towards young students who might be going into the army, and believed they should be given the opportunity . . .

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