Chinese Capitalists in Japan's New Order: The Occupied Lower Yangzi, 1937-1945

Chinese Capitalists in Japan's New Order: The Occupied Lower Yangzi, 1937-1945

Chinese Capitalists in Japan's New Order: The Occupied Lower Yangzi, 1937-1945

Chinese Capitalists in Japan's New Order: The Occupied Lower Yangzi, 1937-1945

Synopsis

Examination of the devastating impact on China's emerging modern business community of Japan's invasion and occupation of the lower Yangzi.

Excerpt

Creation of client governments featured prominently in Japanese activities in China, dating from the establishment of Manchukuo. Pejoratively referred to as puppet governments, these regimes differed from purely colonial administrations (such as Korea and Taiwan) in that they were nominally independent entities. Why create such structures? Although the answer is complex, the simplest explanation is that such governments were thought to assist in controlling conquered territory by gaining the support or at least acquiescence of the population. The Japanese structures were marred by several major flaws, the most significant of which was the failure of the military to grant the “puppets” meaningful independence and authority. Their impotence both gutted their claims to be legitimate, autonomous governments and impeded the effort of the Japanese to get individuals of prestige to join their cause.

A second major failing of the Japanese undertaking was the haphazard and disorganized way in which the puppet governments were created in China, reflecting the lack of a clear plan or even vision for Japan's New Order. The Japanese established an array of these regimes, including the formation of governments in Inner Mongolia and north China and the Dadao government of Shanghai, not to mention the prototype, Manchukuo. These governments were initially established by local Japanese military units; none exercised meaningful authority during the early period. The Federated Autonomous Government of Inner Mongolia (headed by Prince Yun and Prince De) was the creation of the Japanese . . .

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